Gum Diseases

How a healthy gum must be?

• Orange peel image, light pink color,

• A regular gum limit that surrounds the teeth at the root start and follows the Strokes

• No redness, bloating or infection,

• Normal brushing and bleeding with the use of IP,

• No feeling of discomfort,

• Robust and hard-to-display gums •

How does inflammatory gum look like?

Bleeding in the gums when using spontaneously or brush-flossing

• Redness, swelling and irregular appearance in the gums,

• A slight pain when pressed to the gums, inflammation of the gums and/or tenderness in the tooth in that area,

• The sensitivity of the tooth withdrawal and the exposed root surfaces

• Black areas due to tooth stones at the edges of the gum,

• The opening between the teeth and the elontation,

• When you close your mouth, the feeling of change in your closure

• Odor and bad taste in the mouth due to inflammation,

• Itching sensation (gums)

What causes the gum diseases?

The main cause of gum disease is a transparent layer that adhered firmly to the tooth called bacterial plaque. You may notice the plaque by scratching your teeth with your fingernail. One milligram of plaque contains between 200 and 500 million bacteria. In addition, the following factors affect your gum health.

• Smoking as we all know, smoking causes a lot of important ailments such as cancer, lung, heart disease. Apart from all this, it is also very harmful for oral mucosa and gums. It causes the gums to soften and develop gum diseases.

• Genetic factors have a genetic predisposition of 30%, according to research studies. In addition, the poor oral care and the growth of gum disease increases the probability of 6 times more. If there is a person with gum problem in the family, you should also be examined by a gum specialist.

• Hormonal changes you should also take care of your oral hygiene during periods of intensive hormonal alterations such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause and menstruation. Your gums are more sensitive during this period. Susceptibility to gum disease increases.

• Stress hypertension is one of the causes of many disorders such as cancer, but also the risk factors of gum diseases. Research has shown that stress, including periodontal diseases, makes the body difficult to fight infection.

• Drug use birth control pills, anti-depressants, heart remedies affect your oral health. Therefore, if you are using one of these medications, please give your dentist a warning and your oral hygiene is also important.

• Tooth tightening or squeaking causes a decrease in the force between the tooth and gums, causing periodontal tissue degradation. One of the reasons for the withdrawal of the gums is to squeeze the teeth. This squeeze must be stopped by attaching the night plate.

• Diabetes Diabetes patients Enter a high risk group in terms of periodontal infection. They must also take care of oral hygiene by taking routine gum controls to a gum specialist (periodontologist).

• Poor nutrition causes the body to weaken the immune system and, depending on it, be difficult to fight infections, including gum infection.

• Poorly made kuron bridges and fillings

Filling, crown and bridges that are made of gums and flood are problematic in the gums.

Types of gum diseases


It is the simplest form of gum disease. Causes the gums to become red and swollen. Gingival bleeds fast. Usually the patient doesn’t have much discomfort at this stage. With professional treatment and good care, gum health can be restored. If your oral care habits are insufficient, gingivitis begins to move towards Periodontiitis.

Aggressive Periodontitis

This type appears to be a problem at first glance. But on the contrary, there is an aggressive, destructive progression of the disease. may not respond to the treatment of gum and may need to be supplemented with antimicrobial (antibiotic) treatment.

Chronic periodontitis

A progressive attachment (tissue between tooth and gum) and bone loss are present in the support tissues of the tooth as a result of the Iltahap. The gums are characteristic with pockets and withdrawal. It is the most common type of periodontitis. It can be seen in adults, but at any age. The loss of attachments is usually slow, but fast progress periods can also be seen.

Periodontitis, which emerged as the indicator of a systemic disease

It is often observed in young people with a systemic disease such as sugar.

Necrotizing periodontitis

The alveolar (bone tissue surrounding the female) has inflammation in bone, periodontal ligaments (fibers between the tooth and bone) and the necrotizing character in the gum tissue. The immune system is more frequently observed in people who have been pressured, have bad nutrition, and carry the AIDS virus.

How can it be treated?

In the treatment of gum disease, the depth of the pockets occurring between the tooth and the gums must be measured by means of a special tool. According to the amount and depth of these pockets are diagnosed and the treatment is scheduled. Because deep pockets will prepare a suitable environment for the rapid progression of gum disease, the aim of the treatment is to fit them as much as possible. Because the use of brushing and flossing of microorganisms in deep pockets is impossible to clean completely by you.

The treatment to be applied according to the level of your gum disease is:

More frequent dental stone cleaning routine cleaning and controls are performed once every 6 months with periodontal disease or inclined to those who will determine the physician’s cleaning process at shorter intervals. The microorganisms in the plaque that settle in the ceplere multiply enough to damage the bone within 3 months. Frequent dental cleaning ensures that the bone is not damaged by preventing this accumulation.

The correct and complete practice of hygiene training which will be given by your physician or hygienist is of great importance in this respect.

Straightening the root surface (curettage) the root surface, known as a shovel among the public, is to be flattened by the root surface by scraping the plug-ins with the help of special curettes, removing from the surface and revealing the healthy root surface is the process of ensuring that it adhering back to the root surface.

Gingivektomy and Gingivoplasty are in some cases inflamed, drug-induced or hereditary, and gum growth is observed. If these gingival growths are not accompanied by bone melting or if there are no deep defects that require us to create a bone, we can remove the gingival growth by cutting the soft tissue wall between the tooth and gums. This process is called gingivektomy. After this procedure, Gingivoplasty is applied in order to restore the normal physiomics by correcting the gums by surgical procedures.

FLAP operation if the periodontal pockets cannot be fit with the curettage and the root surface flattened, the gingival that creates the pocket is removed. In very deep pockets, the gums are removed as a whole and the necessary root surface flattening processes are done, closed and fixed in place with seams. If the bone that is melted at this stage must be supported, or if it is considered to be a bone in that region, the defect region can be obtained by putting hard tissue grafts or bone particles derived from the patient’s own tissue, and the lost tissue .

The length of the Kuron extension operation is a simple procedure for extending the parts of the teeth (which appear in the mouth) above the gum level. In some cases, it progresses to the bottom of the bruise or broken gums, or the length of the teeth is too short. In such cases, prosthetic (Kuron, bridge, etc.) should be extended to the root portion of the gum level for the retention of treatments and gingival health.

Tissue grafts

Soft tissue grafts: the misuse of the toothbrush, the soft tissue taken from a different area of the mouth (usually a potty), due to anatomical errors or gingival diseases, prominent gum withdrawals occurring in one or several teeth It is the process of covering the pieces. It is usually done for aesthetic purposes or in some cases, for preventive purposes to prevent gum disease.

Hard tissue grafts: in areas where bone loss is advanced during Flap operations, bone construction is stimused with artificial or natural-induced bone powder applications. 

Gum applications for aesthetic purposes

Even the most beautiful teeth do not look attractive if they are not framed with healthy and properly shaped gums. Treatments and minor operations in your gums can be corrected with non-aesthetic gums.

Unhealthy gums: Due to periodontal disease, the gums appear red, swollen and shiny. They must be treated before aesthetic dentistry procedures.

Smile with the gums: (gummy smile) in cases where the gums appear to be more than the teeth, even if there is no aesthetic dentistry procedure to be done with a small operation to be done with the gums removed from the excess of a more pleasant smile Available.

Gum withdrawal: As a result of gum withdrawal, some teeth may appear too long, the root surfaces of these teeth have been revealed. In such a case, firstly, these openings should be closed with soft tissue grafts by making gum treatment.

Irregular gum edges: The gums that frame the teeth may be very much up or down in some teeth (gum withdrawal, sliding disorder, defects arising from tooth loss, etc.) before the aesthetic procedure, the gum shapes must be brought to the ideal.

Gingival pigmentation: Any injury or natural gums may have different color regions. If he’s on the laughing line, they need to be destroyed.

Important points for a healthy gum

• Brush your teeth properly every day and use Floss

• Avoid balanced feed, empty calories and very sticky foods,

• Learn to examine yourself and do it routinely. Thus you can capture the first signals of any intraoral or dental change,

• Take control and tooth stone cleaning at least twice a year by coming to the dentist.